Systemic and local induction of an Arabidopsis thionin gene by wounding and pathogens

Plant J. 1998 May;14(3):285-95. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-313x.1998.00117.x.


The Arabidopsis Thi2.1 thionin gene was cloned and sequenced. The promoter was fused to the uidA gene and stably transformed into Arabidopsis to study its regulation. GUS expression levels correlated with the steady-state levels of Thi2.1 mRNA, thus demonstrating that the promoter is sufficient for the regulation of the Thi2.1 gene. The sensitivity of the Thi2.1 gene to methyl jasmonate was found to be developmentally determined. Systemic and local expression could be induced by wounding and inoculation with Fusarium oxysporum f sp. matthiolae. A deletion analysis of the promoter identified a fragment of 325 bp upstream of the start codon, which appears to contain all the elements necessary for the regulation of the Thi2.1 gene. These results support the view that thionins are defence proteins, and indicate the possibility that resistance of Arabidopsis plants to necrotrophic fungal pathogens is mediated through the octadecanoid pathway.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Agrobacterium tumefaciens / pathogenicity
  • Antimicrobial Cationic Peptides
  • Arabidopsis / genetics*
  • Arabidopsis / microbiology
  • Arabidopsis Proteins*
  • Base Sequence
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA, Plant
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant*
  • Glucuronidase / genetics
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Plant Proteins / genetics*
  • Plants, Genetically Modified
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • Sequence Deletion


  • Antimicrobial Cationic Peptides
  • Arabidopsis Proteins
  • DNA, Plant
  • Plant Proteins
  • THI2.1 protein, Arabidopsis
  • Glucuronidase

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AJ002585