Pseudoxanthoma elasticum: a rare cause of hypertension in children

Pediatr Nephrol. 1998 Apr;12(3):183-5. doi: 10.1007/s004670050432.


We describe an 11-year-old girl with severe renin-dependent hypertension. She had characteristic cutaneous, ocular, and vascular signs of pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE), and the diagnosis was confirmed histologically. Because PXE is a heterogeneous heritable disorder, the family was evaluated for this condition. Since the patient's mother and brother showed some manifestations of PXE, autosomal dominant inheritance is the most likely inheritance pattern in this family.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / etiology*
  • Pseudoxanthoma Elasticum / complications*
  • Pseudoxanthoma Elasticum / pathology