Effect of chronic bradykinin B2 receptor blockade on blood pressure of conscious Dahl salt-resistant rats

Br J Pharmacol. 1998 May;124(1):197-205. doi: 10.1038/sj.bjp.0701797.

Abstract

1. In this study 3 protocols were utilized to determine the role of endogenous kinins in the resistance of the inbred Dahl (Rapp) salt-resistant (SR/Jr) rats to high salt diet-induced blood pressure elevation. 2. The bradykinin B2 receptor antagonist, Hoe 140 (D-Arg[Hyp3, Thi5, D-Tic7, Oic8]-bradykinin) at doses of either 10-20 or 20-40 nmol day(-1) (subcutaneously (s.c), via osmotic minipumps, for either 1 or 3 weeks during a high (8%) salt diet) effectively blocked or attenuated the hypotensive responses to 100-1000 ng of bradykinin. 3. In the first protocol, 5 week old SR/Jr rats treated with Hoe 140 (10-20 nmol day(-1), n = 9, s.c., via osmotic minipumps) for 3 weeks and concomitantly fed high (8%) NaCl diet had significantly higher conscious tail cuff blood pressures (BPc) at 1 and 3 weeks when compared with rats treated with vehicle (0.9% NaCl, n = 6). The differences in BPc between the 2 groups were 13 mmHg (P < 0.001) after 1 week and 8 mmHg (P < 0.05) after 3 weeks of treatment. 4. In the second protocol, 5 week old SR/Jr rats were treated with Hoe 140 (20-40 nmol day(-1), n = 8, s.c., via osmotic minipumps) or vehicle (n = 8) for 3 weeks. During the first week of treatment the rats were fed normal (0.8%) NaCl diet. The rats were then switched to 8% NaCl for 2 remaining weeks of the protocol. The mean BPc of Hoe 140-treated rats was not significantly different from that of the vehicle-treated rats when fed 0.8% NaCl diet. In contrast, rats treated with Hoe 140 and concomitantly fed high (8%) NaCl diet had significantly increased BPc (123+/-2 vs 111 +/- 1 mmHg, P < 0.001 for the Hoe 140- and vehicle-treated rats, respectively). 5. In the third protocol, treatment with Hoe 140 (20 40 nmol day(-1), s.c., via osmotic minipumps) during high salt diet did not increase BPc in rats that were pre-exposed to the high salt diet for 2 weeks. 6. At the end of 3 weeks of study, blood pressure was measured via an arterial catheter during pentobarbitone-induced anaesthesia. Rats treated with Hoe 140 for 1 or 3 weeks had significantly lower mean arterial blood pressures than the vehicle-treated rats. 7. Our findings suggest that in SR/Jr rats, kinin activation of bradykinin B2 receptors at least partially contributes to early regulatory mechanisms that resist an increase in blood pressure following exposure to a high salt diet. The mechanism underlying the decreased blood pressure during pentobarbitone anaesthesia of SR/Jr rats chronically treated with Hoe 140 has yet to be elucidated.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blood Pressure / drug effects*
  • Bradykinin / administration & dosage
  • Bradykinin / analogs & derivatives*
  • Bradykinin / pharmacology
  • Bradykinin Receptor Antagonists*
  • Heart Rate / drug effects
  • Kidney / drug effects
  • Kidney / physiology
  • Rats
  • Receptor, Bradykinin B2
  • Sodium Chloride / administration & dosage

Substances

  • Bradykinin Receptor Antagonists
  • Receptor, Bradykinin B2
  • Sodium Chloride
  • icatibant
  • Bradykinin