At a seminar arranged in September 1997 by the Swedish Paediatric Working Group for Coeliac Disease, a diagnostic protocol proposed by the working group was approved by a majority of the paediatricians present, representing almost all paediatric units in Sweden. Briefly, a small bowel biopsy is called for in all children, both at presentation and as a control during gluten-free dieting. Subsequent gluten challenge and biopsy are mandatory only in cases of atypical presentation or if the diagnosis is questioned at some future date. Serum antigliadin and anti-endomysial antibody tests are complementary tools. Agreement was also reached regarding the institution of a national coeliac disease registry.