High-avidity human IgG kappa monoclonal antibodies from a novel strain of minilocus transgenic mice

Nat Biotechnol. 1996 Jul;14(7):845-51. doi: 10.1038/nbt0796-845.


Human immunoglobulin transgenic mice provide a method of obtaining human monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) using conventional hybridoma technology. We describe a novel strain of human immunoglobulin transgenic mice and the use of this strain to generate multiple high-avidity human sequence IgG kappa Mabs directed against a human antigen. The light chain transgene is derived in part from a yeast artificial chromosome clone that includes nearly half of the germline human V kappa region. In addition, the heavy-chain transgene encodes both human mu and human gamma 1 constant regions, the latter of which is expressed via intratransgene class switching. We have used these animals to isolate human IgG kappa Mabs that are specific for the human T-cell marker CD4, have high binding avidities, and are immunosuppressive in vitro. The human Mab-secreting hybridomas display properties similar to those of wild-type mice including stability, growth, and secretion levels. Mabs with four distinct specificities were derived from a single transgenic mouse, consistent with an extensive diversity in the primary repertoire encoded by the transgenes.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / biosynthesis*
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / genetics
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / immunology
  • Antibody Affinity*
  • CD4 Antigens / immunology
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Humans
  • Hybridomas
  • Immunoglobulin G / immunology*
  • Immunoglobulin kappa-Chains / immunology*
  • Lymphocyte Culture Test, Mixed
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • T-Lymphocytes / immunology


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • CD4 Antigens
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Immunoglobulin kappa-Chains