Predictors of smoking in a cross section of novice mine workers

Cent Afr J Med. 1997 Nov;43(11):321-4.


Objective: To determine demographic predictors of smoking status amongst novice mine workers.

Setting: Prospective mine workers undergoing fitness examination at the Medical Bureau for Occupational Diseases.

Design: Cross sectional study.

Main outcome measures: Current smoking status.

Results: Smoking status is significantly linked to age, race group, nationality and previous employment status. Education is also a predictor of smoking status, but the association is weak. Smoking prevalence in subgroups of novice mine workers varies from less than 10% to nearly 75%.

Conclusion: Assumptions of very high smoking rates amongst all mine workers are too simplistic. Smoking cannot be regarded globally as a major confounder of occupational exposure and occupational lung disease for all groups of mine workers.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Black People
  • Black or African American*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Emigration and Immigration*
  • Humans
  • India / ethnology
  • Logistic Models
  • Mining*
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Smoking / ethnology*
  • South Africa
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • White People*