Cloning and characterization of an accessory gene regulator (agr)-like locus from Staphylococcus epidermidis

FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1998 Jun 1;163(1):1-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1574-6968.1998.tb13018.x.


The presence of sequences related to the agr of Staphylococcus aureus was demonstrated in Staphylococcus epidermidis by agr-specific PCR, and Southern blot. The agr-like locus of S. epidermidis A086 was cloned and sequenced. An overall homology of 68% was found between the agr locus from S. epidermidis and S. aureus. The agr locus from S. epidermidis was organized similar to those from S. aureus and S. lugdunensis. The putative RNAII molecule contains four open reading frames, agr A, B, C and D. AgrA was a response regulator. AgrB showed homology with transducer and translocase molecules. AgrC is expected to act as a histidine protein kinase in which a leucine zipper is present. AgrD is presumably processed into an autoinducer peptide. The putative RNAIII molecule contained an open reading frame encoding a putative 26 amino acid (aa) polypeptide, which differed in 3 aa from the RNAIII encoded delta-toxin of S. aureus. Kinetic studies showed that the production of this RNAIII was elevated during the post-exponential phase. delta-Toxin activity was demonstrated for 21 of 23 tested S. epidermidis strains. Kinetic studies of the production of delta-toxin showed that the toxin was produced during the post-exponential phase. Sequencing of S. epidermidis A097, which showed a delayed agr-response, revealed a truncated AgrC lacking the histidine kinase domain. These data indicate that an agr-like locus is active in S. epidermidis during the post-exponential phase.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Bacterial Proteins / genetics*
  • Bacterial Toxins / biosynthesis
  • Bacterial Toxins / genetics*
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Genes, Bacterial / genetics*
  • Genes, Regulator / genetics
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Open Reading Frames / genetics
  • RNA, Bacterial / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Staphylococcus aureus / genetics
  • Staphylococcus epidermidis / genetics*
  • Staphylococcus epidermidis / metabolism
  • Staphylococcus epidermidis / pathogenicity
  • Trans-Activators*
  • Transcription Factors / genetics*


  • Agr protein, Staphylococcus aureus
  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Bacterial Toxins
  • RNA, Bacterial
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Trans-Activators
  • Transcription Factors
  • staphylococcal delta toxin

Associated data

  • GENBANK/Z49220