Large airway disease associated with inflammatory bowel disease

Chest. 1998 Jun;113(6):1723-6. doi: 10.1378/chest.113.6.1723.


Lung disease is a rare complication of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Herein is a series of seven IBD patients who developed new, persistent and unexplained symptoms of respiratory disease, particularly chronic productive cough. Using a CT scan of the chest, a diagnosis of bronchiectasis was made in five patients, while the diagnosis of chronic bronchitis was made in two patients. Factors, other than IBD, that could account for pulmonary disease in these patients were absent. Several important clinical patterns for IBD-associated large airway disease were uncovered and are reviewed in light of earlier case reports in the medical literature. A discussion regarding the possible pathogenesis of IBD-associated airway disease follows.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Bronchiectasis / complications*
  • Bronchiectasis / diagnostic imaging
  • Bronchitis / complications*
  • Bronchitis / diagnostic imaging
  • Chronic Disease
  • Colitis, Ulcerative / complications
  • Humans
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / complications*
  • Lung / diagnostic imaging
  • Male
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed