Reduced cellular accumulation of topotecan: a novel mechanism of resistance in a human ovarian cancer cell line

Br J Cancer. 1998 May;77(10):1645-52. doi: 10.1038/bjc.1998.270.


In order to unravel possible mechanisms of clinical resistance to topoisomerase I inhibitors, we developed a topotecan-resistant human IGROV-1 ovarian cancer cell line, denoted IGROV(T100r), by stepwise increased exposure to topotecan (TPT). The IGROV(T100r) cell line was 29-fold resistant to TPT and strongly cross-resistant to SN-38 (51-fold). However, the IGROV(T100r) showed only threefold resistance to camptothecin (CPT). Remarkably, this cell line was 32-fold resistant to mitoxantrone, whereas no significant cross-resistance against other cytostatic drugs was observed. No differences in topoisomerase I protein levels and catalytic activity as well as topoisomerase I cleavable complex stabilization by CPT in the IGROV-1 and IGROV(T100r) cell lines were observed, indicating that resistance in the IGROV(T100r) cell line was not related to topoisomerase I-related changes. However, resistance in the resistant IGROV(T100r) cell line to TPT and SN-38 was accompanied by decreased accumulation of the drugs to approximately 15% and 36% of that obtained in IGROV-1 respectively. No reduced accumulation was observed for CPT. Notably, accumulation of TPT in the IGROV-1 cell line decreased under energy-deprived conditions, whereas the accumulation in the IGROV(T100r) cell line increased under these energy-deprived conditions. The efflux of TPT at 37 degrees C was very rapid in the IGROV-1 as well as the IGROV(T100r) cell line, resulting in 90% efflux within 20 min. Importantly, the efflux rates of TPT in the IGROV-1 and IGROV(T100r) cell lines were not significantly different and were shown to be independent on P-glycoprotein (P-gp) or multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP). These results strongly suggest that the resistance of the IGROV(T100r) cell line to TPT and SN-38 is mainly caused by reduced accumulation. The reduced accumulation appears to be mediated by a novel mechanism, probably related to impaired energy-dependent uptake of these topoisomerase I drugs.

MeSH terms

  • ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1 / pharmacology
  • Antineoplastic Agents / metabolism*
  • Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology
  • Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic / pharmacology
  • Camptothecin / analogs & derivatives
  • Camptothecin / pharmacology
  • Cell Line*
  • Cross Reactions
  • Drug Resistance
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / metabolism
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Female
  • Glucose / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Irinotecan
  • Kinetics
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Temperature
  • Topoisomerase I Inhibitors
  • Topotecan / metabolism*
  • Topotecan / pharmacology


  • ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Topoisomerase I Inhibitors
  • Irinotecan
  • Topotecan
  • Glucose
  • Camptothecin