Genomic approaches to the improvement of disease resistance in farm animals

Rev Sci Tech. 1998 Apr;17(1):329-45. doi: 10.20506/rst.17.1.1102.

Abstract

As a result of the difficulties in improving disease resistance in farm animals by traditional phenotype selection, the achievement of such improvement is one of the most important applications of genome research. The major hurdle to this important goal is the collection of informative disease records to enable the segregation of disease resistance loci (DRL) to be traced in pedigrees. This paper reviews the principles for DRL identification by association analyses or by linkage analyses. Once linkage has been established, the location of the DRL may be further refined, a process which may eventually lead to the molecular characterisation of the causative gene(s) and mutation(s). A reliable map assignment of a DRL is sufficient for the practical utilisation of this knowledge, since the inheritance of the DRL can be traced by flanking markers. Marker-assisted selection concerns the use of linked markers for selection within populations, while marker-assisted introgression is used if DRL alleles are introgressed from a donor (resource) population.

Keywords: Animals; Breeding; Disease; Disease resistance; Genetic markers; Genome analysis; Marker-assisted selection.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Animals, Domestic / genetics*
  • Animals, Domestic / immunology
  • Chromosome Mapping / veterinary
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Genetic Linkage
  • Genetic Markers
  • Genome*
  • Genotype
  • Immunity, Innate / genetics*
  • Phenotype
  • Selection, Genetic

Substances

  • Genetic Markers