Objective: To study the effect of gestational impaired glucose tolerance (GIGT) on fetus and newborns.
Methods: 52 GIGT mothers and 34 gestational diabetes mothers (GDM) were subjected to systematic monitoring prospectively, other 44 normal mothers served as controls. The perinatal outcomes were compared in the three groups.
Results: The incidence of macrosmia in the GIGT group was higher than that of the control group (P < 0.025). Neonatal blood glucose level in the GIGT group at 2 hours of age was the lowest in the three groups (P < 0.05). The incidence of hypoglycemia, polycythemia and wet lung in the GIGT group was higher than that of the control group.
Conclusion: GIGT and GDM are important factors for poor perinatal outcome. Obstetricians and pediatricians must pay more attention to it.