Intraocular pressure in nonglaucomatous eyes with pseudoexfoliation syndrome after cataract surgery

Ophthalmic Surg Lasers. 1998 Jun;29(6):466-71.


Background and objective: To investigate the course of the intraocular pressure (IOP) in nonglaucomatous patients with pseudoexfoliation (PSX) syndrome after cataract surgery.

Patients and methods: In a prospective age-matched controlled clinical study, 23 consecutive patients with PSX were studied and compared with a control group of 23 patients. The IOP was measured by applanation tonometry preoperatively, and postoperatively on day 1, after 4 weeks, and after 6 months. All patients were operated on with a self-sealing 7-mm scleral tunnel incision, phacoemulsification, and posterior chamber intraocular lens (IOL) implantation.

Results: Preoperatively the IOP was similar between both groups (P = .962). At the first postoperative day the IOP was below 22 mm Hg in all cases. After 4 weeks and 6 months a mean decrease of 3.88 mm Hg (P = .001) in the control group and of 3.15 mm Hg (P = .002) in the PSX group was observed; this difference was not statistically significant (P = .543).

Conclusions: At 1 day postoperatively no pressure increase was observed in the eyes with PSX after scleral tunnel incision and phacoemulsification. Six months after cataract extraction with IOL implantation, the tension level decreased in the presence of PSX similarly as in normal eyes.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Controlled Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Cataract Extraction*
  • Exfoliation Syndrome / complications
  • Exfoliation Syndrome / physiopathology*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Gonioscopy
  • Humans
  • Intraocular Pressure*
  • Lens Implantation, Intraocular
  • Male
  • Prospective Studies
  • Tonometry, Ocular