Coumarin-7-hydroxylase activity in microsomes from needle biopsies of normal and diseased human liver

Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 1976 Jun 15;10(2):133-7. doi: 10.1007/BF00609472.


The specific activity of coumarin-7-hydroxylase was measured in liver microsomes from normal subjects and patients with liver disease. Liver specimens were obtained by needle biopsy and the microsomal fraction was separated by differential centrifugation. Its freedom from mitochondria was demonstrated by the absence of succinic dehydrogenase, a marker enzyme for mitochondria. Liver from healthy subjects showed variation in the specific activity of coumarin-7-hydroxylase from 0.16 to 0.65 nmol-mg-1-min-1, which is probably due to genetic factors. Patients with cirrhosis of the liver, chronic fatty hepatitis (chronic alcoholic hepatitis) and chronic active hepatitis showed a significantly lower mean hydroxylase activity. There was no significant difference in the mean level of hydroxylase between patients with subacute viral hepatitis or chronic persistent hepatitis and the normal controls.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Biopsy, Needle
  • Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury / enzymology
  • Chronic Disease
  • Coumarins / metabolism
  • Fatty Liver / enzymology
  • Hepatitis / enzymology
  • Humans
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Liver Cirrhosis / enzymology
  • Liver Diseases / enzymology*
  • Microsomes, Liver / enzymology*
  • Middle Aged
  • Mixed Function Oxygenases / metabolism*


  • Coumarins
  • Mixed Function Oxygenases