Generalized cutaneous leishmaniasis in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 1998 May;10(3):229-32.


Background: Leishmaniasis associated with HIV/AIDS has been reported in the last decade.

Case report: A case of generalized cutaneous leishmaniasis in a patient with AIDS is described. The case is paradoxical in that the cutaneous lesions resemble anergic leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania (L.) amazonensis and Jorge Lobo's disease, but the positive Montenegro test and the clinical improvement with antimonial are more commonly observed in leishmaniasis caused by L.(V.) braziliensis.

Comment: The immunosuppression due to HIV/AIDS seen in this patient may explain the dissemination of the lesions, but the positive specific response to leishmanial antigen may explain the good response to the antimonial treatment.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / diagnosis*
  • AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / parasitology
  • AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / pathology
  • Adult
  • Animals
  • Brazil
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Foot Dermatoses / diagnosis
  • Foot Dermatoses / parasitology*
  • Hand Dermatoses / diagnosis
  • Hand Dermatoses / parasitology*
  • Humans
  • Leishmania braziliensis / isolation & purification*
  • Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous / diagnosis*
  • Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous / parasitology
  • Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous / pathology
  • Male