Randomised comparison of primary stent placement versus primary angioplasty followed by selective stent placement in patients with iliac-artery occlusive disease. Dutch Iliac Stent Trial Study Group

Lancet. 1998 Apr 18;351(9110):1153-9. doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(97)09508-1.

Abstract

Background: Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) is a safe, simple, and successful treatment for intermittent claudication caused by iliac-artery occlusive disease. Primary stent placement has been proposed as more effective than PTA. We compared the technical results and clinical outcomes of two treatment strategies-primary placement of a stent across the stenotic segment of the iliac artery, or primary PTA followed by selective stent placement when haemodynamic results were inadequate.

Methods: We randomly assigned 279 patients with intermittent claudication, recruited from departments of vascular surgery, either to direct stent placement (group I, n=143) or primary angioplasty (group II, n=136), with subsequent stent placement in case of a residual mean pressure gradient greater than 10 mm Hg across the treated site. The main inclusion criterion was intermittent claudication on the basis of iliac-artery stenosis of more than 50%, proven by angiography. All patients had a clinical assessment before intervention and at 3, 12, and 24 months. Clinical success was defined as improvement of at least one clinical category. Secondary endpoints were initial technical results, procedural complications, cumulative patency as assessed by duplex ultrasonography, and quality of life.

Findings: In group II, selective stent placement was done in 59 (43%) of the 136 patients. The mean follow-up was 9.3 months (range 3-24). Initial haemodynamic success and complication rates were 119 (81%) of 149 limbs and 6 (4%) of 143 limbs (group I) versus 103 (82%) of 126 limbs and 10 (7%) of 136 limbs (group II), respectively. Clinical success rates at 2 years were 29 (78%) of 37 patients and 26 (77%) of 34 patients in groups I and II, respectively (p=0.6); however, 43% and 35% of the patients, respectively, still had symptoms. Quality of life improved significantly after intervention (p<0.05) but we found no difference between the groups during follow-up. 2-year cumulative patency rates were similar at 71% versus 70% (p=0.2), respectively, as were reintervention rates at 7% versus 4%, respectively (95% CI -2% to 9%).

Interpretation: There were no substantial differences in technical results and clinical outcomes of the two treatment strategies both at short-term and long-term follow-up. Since angioplasty followed by selective stent placement is less expensive than direct placement of a stent, the former seems to be the treatment of choice for lifestyle-limiting intermittent claudication caused by iliac artery occlusive disease.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Angiography
  • Angioplasty, Balloon / instrumentation*
  • Arterial Occlusive Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Arterial Occlusive Diseases / therapy*
  • Blood Flow Velocity / physiology
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Iliac Artery* / diagnostic imaging
  • Intermittent Claudication / diagnostic imaging
  • Intermittent Claudication / therapy*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Quality of Life
  • Stents*
  • Treatment Outcome