Stability of rhythmic finger movement in children with a developmental coordination disorder

Motor Control. 1998 Jan;2(1):34-60. doi: 10.1123/mcj.2.1.34.

Abstract

The stability of single and bimanual (i.e., in-phase and antiphase) rhythmic finger movements was studied in 24 children with a developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and 24 matched controls from a dynamic pattern perspective. Stability was assessed by applying perturbations and measuring the time the system needed to return to its initial stability (i.e., the relaxation time). In addition, fluctuations of the patterns were measured. For antiphase coordination patterns, the frequency at which loss of stability occurred was also determined. Children with DCD displayed less stable single and bimanual rhythmic coordination patterns than control children. Further, within the DCD group, 9 children were identified as having particularly poor bimanual coordination stability. Individual differences suggested that variability of individual limb oscillations might have contributed to this poorer interlimb coordination stability. Findings were discussed in relation to a previous study on DCD in which the Wing-Kristofferson timekeeper model was applied.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Developmental Disabilities / complications
  • Developmental Disabilities / diagnosis*
  • Fingers / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Models, Biological
  • Movement Disorders / complications
  • Movement Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Periodicity