Disruption of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor signaling in mice results in mild glucose intolerance, principally due to elimination of the incretin effect of GLP-1. Despite the inhibitory effects of GLP-1 on food intake, 6- to 8-week-old GLP-1 receptor -/-(GLP-1R-/-) mice were not obese and did not exhibit disturbances of feeding behavior. As both diabetes and obesity frequently become more phenotypically evident in older rodents, we studied the consequences of aging and a high fat diet on glucose control and body weight in GLP-1R-/- mice. No evidence of obesity or deterioration in glucose control was detected in 11- and 16-month-old GLP-1R-/- mice (mean weight, 34.7 +/- 2.0, 30.5 +/- 1.5, and 34.6 +/- 2.8 g in male and 25.3 +/-1.6, 28.4 +/-1.2, and 31.9 +/- 2.9 g in female GLP-1R+/+, GLP-1R+/-, and GLP-1R-/- mice, respectively; P = NS). After 18 weeks of high fat feeding, GLP-1R-/- mice gained similar (males) or less (females) weight than age- and sex-matched CD1 controls. No significant deterioration in glucose tolerance was observed after high fat feeding in GLP-1R-/- mice. These observations demonstrate that long term disruption of GLP-1 signaling in the central nervous system and peripheral tissues of older mice is not associated with the development of obesity or deterioration in glucose homeostasis.