Evaluation of capture ELISA and rapid immunochromatographic test for the determination of IgM and IgG antibodies produced during dengue infection

Clin Diagn Virol. 1998 May 1;10(1):75-81. doi: 10.1016/s0928-0197(98)00002-6.


Background: Rapid diagnosis of dengue infection is essential to patient management and disease control. The development of a rapid (5 min) immunochromatographic test and a 2 h commercial capture enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for anti-dengue IgM and IgG antibodies may lead to more rapid and accurate testing in peripheral health settings and diagnostic laboratories.

Objectives: Evaluate two new commercial tests for dengue serology (Dengue Rapid test and Dengue Duo ELISA; PanBio, Brisbane, Australia).

Study design: The sensitivity and specificity of the tests were compared with in-house dengue IgM ELISA and hemagglutination-inhibition (HAI) assays using known positive and negative dengue specimens, as well as specimens from non-dengue cases.

Results: Both assays showed excellent sensitivity in the diagnosis of both primary and secondary dengue infection (100%). In both assays, IgG levels showed excellent correlation with the hemagglutination-inhibition (HAI) assay, and these could be used to distinguish between primary and secondary dengue infections (92 and 97% of patients correctly classified in the rapid test and Duo ELISA, respectively). Specificity in both assays was 89% when sera from patients, with no apparent dengue infection, typhoid, leptospirosis and malaria, were tested.

Conclusions: These tests should be a useful aid in confirming the clinical diagnosis of dengue infection. The rapid test will be particularly valuable in peripheral health settings, while the ELISA has a place in central testing laboratories.

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies, Viral / blood*
  • Chromatography
  • Dengue / blood*
  • Dengue / diagnosis
  • Dengue / immunology
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay / methods*
  • Hemagglutination Inhibition Tests
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin G / blood*
  • Immunoglobulin M / blood*
  • Reagent Kits, Diagnostic
  • Sensitivity and Specificity


  • Antibodies, Viral
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Immunoglobulin M
  • Reagent Kits, Diagnostic