This paper describes risk factors for dental caries identified among 491 2-year-olds in the city of Umeå, Sweden. The study was performed as a risk screening for dental caries according to a method developed for use by dental assistants. The sugar consumption was high, 80% of the 2-year-olds had sweets once a week or more and 25% had sweet beverages once a day or more frequently. In addition, 14% of the children had a meal at night and most common were formula, bovine milk or breastmilk. The majority of the parents brushed the child's teeth at least daily using fluoride toothpaste. Among the children 6% had a chronic somatic disorder and 6% had an intolerance towards specific foods, milk being the most common. The high level of sugar consumption indicates that improved dental health education focusing on the importance of limiting sugar consumption is needed among parents with young children.