Arboviruses in the Australian region, 1990 to 1998

Commun Dis Intell. 1998 Jun 11;22(6):93-100.


Arboviruses continue to be major human pathogens in the Australian region. This report provides a summary of the activities of these viruses over the past eight years, and comments on new findings relevant to their respective ecologies. Of particular interest and concern is the propensity of these viruses to spread. The examples discussed include the initiation of dengue epidemics in north Queensland by virus imported in viraemic travellers; the spread of Japanese encephalitis virus to the Australasian region and its probable enzootic establishment in the south-west of Papua New Guinea; the potential spread of Ross River virus to other countries, as demonstrated by the 1979-80 outbreak in the South Pacific, and the recent occurrence in military personnel from the United States of America after an exercise; and the recent spread of Barmah Forest virus into Western Australia.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Arbovirus Infections / epidemiology*
  • Arbovirus Infections / transmission
  • Arbovirus Infections / virology
  • Arboviruses* / isolation & purification
  • Arboviruses* / pathogenicity
  • Australia / epidemiology
  • Disease Outbreaks / statistics & numerical data*
  • Endemic Diseases / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Zoonoses