The benefits of exercise in individuals with traumatic brain injury: a retrospective study

J Head Trauma Rehabil. 1998 Aug;13(4):58-67. doi: 10.1097/00001199-199808000-00006.


Objective: This study examined the benefits of exercise.

Design: A retrospective study.

Setting: A community-based sample.

Participants: A sample of 240 individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) (64 exercisers and 176 nonexercisers) and 139 individuals without a disability (66 exercisers and 73 nonexercisers).

Main outcome measures: Scales measuring disability and handicap.

Results: It was found that the TBI exercisers were less depressed than nonexercising individuals with TBI, TBI exercisers reported fewer symptoms, and their self-reported health status was better than the nonexercising individuals with TBI. There were no differences between the two groups of individuals with TBI on measures of disability and handicap.

Conclusions: The findings suggest that exercise improves mood and aspects of health status but does affect aspects of disability and handicap.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Affect
  • Aged
  • Brain Injuries / psychology
  • Brain Injuries / rehabilitation*
  • Exercise Therapy*
  • Female
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies