Re-evaluation of the role of the dopamine transporter in dopamine system homeostasis

Brain Res Brain Res Rev. 1998 May;26(2-3):148-53. doi: 10.1016/s0165-0173(97)00063-5.


Mice with a genetic deletion of the dopamine transporter (DAT) were used to assess its role in the function of dopamine (DA) neurons. Profound alterations in the homeostasis of the nigrostriatal DA system were induced by the absence of the DAT. Extracellular levels of DA were elevated and clearance of released DA was 300-times slower than in control mice. This was accompanied by a 20-fold decrease in tissue DA levels and a paradoxical doubling of the rate of DA synthesis. A crucial role is indicated for the DAT in maintenance of DA neuron presynaptic function, particularly in the control of storage mechanisms.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Brain / physiology*
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism*
  • Dopamine / metabolism*
  • Dopamine Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins
  • Homeostasis
  • Humans
  • Membrane Glycoproteins*
  • Membrane Transport Proteins*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins*
  • Neurons / physiology*
  • Synapses / physiology


  • Carrier Proteins
  • Dopamine Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Membrane Transport Proteins
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • SLC6A3 protein, human
  • Slc6a3 protein, mouse
  • Dopamine