Intracranial aneurysms: a review of endovascular and surgical treatment in 248 patients

Minim Invasive Neurosurg. 1998 Jun;41(2):81-5. doi: 10.1055/s-2008-1052022.


We reviewed the medium-term results of endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms and compared patient selection and results with those of open surgery. Between January 1992 and December 1995, a total of 248 consecutive patients were treated for 297 aneurysms (61 unruptured and 236 ruptured). 162 aneurysms in 142 patients (mean age, 48.5 years) were treated microsurgically and 134 aneurysms in 106 patients (mean age, 54.2 years) were treated by endovascular embolization with Guglielmi detachable coils (GDC). The mean follow-up was 2.6 years (range, 1.5 to 4.5 years). There was no significant difference in patient population and selection in terms of age, sex or location of aneurysms between both methods. Both modalities achieved excellent results (defined as no neurological deficit) in patients with unruptured aneurysms and with no or minor deficits after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) between 71% and 88%. Patients with moderate deficits after SAH had excellent outcomes in 49% after open surgery, and 47% after embolization. Poor grade patients had, equally, as well an acceptable as a pour outcome, between 0% and 50%. There was no significant difference between the outcome of surgical or endovascular patients. We conclude that GDC embolization is not associated with a higher risk of morbidity and mortality than open surgery. This risk may even be lower for lesions in surgically unfavorable locations. The GDC technique is a less invasive, effective option to prevent re-bleeding in early stage, even in poor-grade patients. However, these encouraging medium-term results have to be confirmed by a longer observation period.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aneurysm, Ruptured / therapy
  • Cerebral Arteries / pathology
  • Cerebral Arteries / surgery
  • Constriction
  • Embolization, Therapeutic / methods
  • Embolization, Therapeutic / standards*
  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / therapy*
  • Male
  • Microsurgery / standards
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Treatment Outcome