Seasonal chronic cough with sputum eosinophilia caused by Trichosporon cutaneum (Trichosporon asahii)

Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 1998 Jun;116(2):162-5. doi: 10.1159/000023940.


The case of a 46-year-old man with a chronic cough with sputum eosinophilia (atopic cough) caused by Trichosporon cutaneum serotype II (Trichosporon asahii) is reported. The diagnosis was made with the inhalation challenge test with T. asahii antigen. He was admitted for the diagnosis and treatment of a severe nonproductive cough in the summer season. Although his sputum contained 13% eosinophils of nucleated cells, he did not have bronchial hyperresponsiveness to methacholine or a heightened bronchomotor tone. Bronchodilator therapy was not effective for his cough. His symptoms worsened on returning home, suggesting the existence of some etiologic agent in his house. A high titer of serum anti-Trichosporon antibody was detected and antigen provocation test with the Trichosporon extract was positive: the development of a cough 6 h later and a decrease in the cough threshold to inhaled capsaicin 48 h later (7.85 microM from 31.3 microM prechallenge). This is the first report on a chronic cough with sputum eosinophilia induced by T. cutaneum (T. asahii).

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Chronic Disease
  • Cough / microbiology*
  • Eosinophilia / complications*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mycoses / complications*
  • Nasal Provocation Tests
  • Seasons
  • Sputum / cytology*
  • Sputum / microbiology
  • Trichosporon / immunology*