A plant surface protein sharing structural properties with animal integrins

Eur J Biochem. 1998 May 1;253(3):552-9. doi: 10.1046/j.1432-1327.1998.2530552.x.

Abstract

Using a polyclonal antibody (P23) generated against the human platelet integrin aIIb beta3 and a FITC-conjugate secondary antibody, fluorescence is observed at the surface of protoplasts isolated from Arabidopsis thaliana and Rubus fruticosus. Arabidopsis thaliana cells grown in suspension culture containing P23 and glycylarginylglycylaspartylserine (GRGDS), a synthetic peptide containing the RGD sequence found in many extracellular matrix adhesive proteins demonstrated aberrant cell wall/plasma membrane interactions and organization. When glycoproteins from these plants, purified on a concanavalin A Sepharose 4B, were subjected to SDS/PAGE and Western blotting, under reduced and non-reduced conditions, immunoblots probed with P23 revealed bands in both species. A shift in electrophoretic mobility is observed to different apparent molecular mass when no reducing agent is present. When purified by immunoaffinity chromatography on anti-aIIb beta3 Sepharose or Sepharose linked to the synthetic peptide D-Arg-Gly-Asp-Trp, the major antigenic components detected migrate at 30 kDa and 60 kDa in the first experiment and 60 kDa in the second one. Only the 60-kDa component is immunodetected with antibodies specific for either the beta3 platelet chain or the aIIb polypeptide, suggesting the presence of two polypeptides co-migrating. To address more precisely the structure of this complex in plants, competition assays were performed. A significant inhibition is observed with CS3 a monoclonal antibody that interacts with the complexed form aIIb beta3 but not the dissociated subunits. Further structural similarities with the animal aIIb beta3 complex is demonstrated with Western blotting detection after plant glycoproteins immunoprecipitation with CS3 in absence or presence of 5 mM EDTA to dissociate the complex. We also present data on the characterization of a polyclonal antibody, named AcAt2, raised against Arabidopsis glycocoproteins purified by affinity chromatography on a D-RGDW column and eluted with the same peptide, that specifically interacts with the animal aIIb beta3 receptor.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Arabidopsis / cytology
  • Arabidopsis / metabolism*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Chromatography, Affinity
  • Epitopes / analysis
  • Epitopes / chemistry
  • Glycoproteins / biosynthesis*
  • Glycoproteins / chemistry
  • Glycoproteins / isolation & purification
  • Humans
  • Immunoblotting
  • Integrins / chemistry
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Weight
  • Oligopeptides / metabolism
  • Plant Cells
  • Plant Proteins / biosynthesis*
  • Plant Proteins / chemistry*
  • Plant Proteins / isolation & purification
  • Plants / metabolism*
  • Platelet Glycoprotein GPIIb-IIIa Complex / chemistry*
  • Protein Conformation
  • Protoplasts / metabolism
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid

Substances

  • Epitopes
  • Glycoproteins
  • Integrins
  • Oligopeptides
  • Plant Proteins
  • Platelet Glycoprotein GPIIb-IIIa Complex
  • glycyl-arginyl-glycyl-aspartyl-serine