Thirty-two patients affected by idiopathic benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) of the posterior semicircular canal were studied before, 3 days and I month after a resolutive Semont manoeuvre by means of dynamic posturography. The overall postural control in BPPV patients was shown to be impaired, as demonstrated by the pathological equilibrium scores. Data obtained before treatment showed a specific pattern of vestibular involvement and a pathological composite score. After the liberatory manoeuvre the Sensory Organization Test indicated a significant improvement in the pathological composite and vestibular scores. However, significant differences from controls were still detected 3 days and 1 month after clinical recovery from BPPV. The results clearly show that, in BPPV patients, there is an impairment of the vestibular system, which seems unable to maintain a normal postural balance. This deficit can be particularly detected when dynamic posturography evaluates the vestibular cues. After the liberatory manoeuvre a consistent improvement in the overall postural control has been observed but the residual differences from controls seem to suggest that damage to the otoconial maculae influences postural control, even when there is significant improvement in the clinical signs.