Transforming growth factor-beta induced protein, betaIG-H3, is present in degraded form and altered localization in lattice corneal dystrophy type I

Exp Eye Res. 1998 Jun;66(6):739-45. doi: 10.1006/exer.1998.0471.


Lattice corneal dystrophy type I (LCDI) is an inherited autosomal dominant local amyloidosis, restricted to the corneal stroma. Comparison of electrophoretic profiles of normal and dystrophic corneas revealed a 42 kD protein, which was present only in dystrophic corneas. The N-terminal sequence of this protein showed identity to transforming growth factor-beta induced gene product (betaIG-H3). A polyclonal antiserum was raised in chicken against a synthetic peptide identical to the N-terminal portion of betaIG-H3. On immunoblots, the antiserum stained the 42 kD band, and also a 68 kD band corresponding to the reported molecular weight of the intact betaIG-H3. In normal corneas, only the 68 kD band was present. Immunohistologically, the antiserum stained corneal subepithelial regions, including subepithelial deposits, in dystrophic corneas. In normal corneas, the staining was observed only in the epithelium. These results may reflect the role of betaIG-H3 in extracellular matrix construction and/or amyloid formation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Corneal Dystrophies, Hereditary / metabolism*
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Epithelium, Corneal / chemistry*
  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins*
  • Humans
  • Immunoblotting
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism*
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta / metabolism*


  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta
  • betaIG-H3 protein