A total of 78 pregnant patients who had previously been studied by ultrasound (US) underwent magnetic resonance (MRI) because of suspected fetal abnormality. The first 20 cases were performed using fetal curarization. Even in the 27 cases in which the MR examination concerned other body regions, a brain study was always performed to analyze the normal anatomy at different gestational ages. There is a brief discussion on normal MRI anatomy of the fetal brain. There were 45 studies that concerned central nervous system pathology, and the most frequent malformative and neoplastic disorders were revealed. A comparison between MRI and US is proposed for each. In conclusion, MRI can be regarded as a complementary method that can be helpful in the rare cases when the US diagnosis is doubtful.