Terminal Differentiation of Human Breast Cancer Through PPAR Gamma

Mol Cell. 1998 Feb;1(3):465-70. doi: 10.1016/s1097-2765(00)80047-7.

Abstract

We have previously demonstrated that PPAR gamma stimulates the terminal differentiation of adipocyte precursors when activated by synthetic ligands, such as the antidiabetic thiazolidinedione (TZD) drugs. We show here that PPAR gamma is expressed at significant levels in human primary and metastatic breast adenocarcinomas. Ligand activation of this receptor in cultured breast cancer cells causes extensive lipid accumulation, changes in breast epithelial gene expression associated with a more differentiated, less malignant state, and a reduction in growth rate and clonogenic capacity of the cells. Inhibition of MAP kinase, shown previously to be a powerful negative regulator of PPAR gamma, improves the TZD ligand sensitivity of nonresponsive cells. These data suggest that the PPAR gamma transcriptional pathway can induce terminal differentiation of malignant breast epithelial cells and thus may provide a novel, nontoxic therapy for human breast cancer.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Breast Neoplasms*
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases / metabolism
  • Cell Differentiation / physiology
  • Cell Division / physiology
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Female
  • Flavonoids / pharmacology
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Lipid Metabolism
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear / genetics*
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear / metabolism*
  • Transcription Factors / genetics*
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism*
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured / chemistry
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured / cytology
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured / enzymology

Substances

  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Flavonoids
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear
  • Transcription Factors
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases
  • 2-(2-amino-3-methoxyphenyl)-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one