Objective: The purpose of the study was to investigate the extent of anterior capsule contraction, intraocular lens (IOL) decentration, and tilt after implant surgery in eyes with retinitis pigmentosa (RP).
Design: A case-control study.
Participants: Forty-seven eyes from 47 patients with typical RP and 47 control eyes from 47 age-matched healthy patients were studied.
Intervention: Phacoemulsification surgery with polymethylmethacrylate IOL implantation with continuous curvilinear capsulorrhexis was performed.
Main outcome measures: The area of the anterior capsule opening obtained with capsulorrhexis and the amount of the decentration and tilt of the IOL were measured using a Scheimpflug photography system at 1 week and 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after surgery.
Results: The mean area in the RP group was found to be significantly smaller than that in the control group at 1 month after surgery and later (P < 0.0001). The percent area reduction in the RP group at 6 months was 45.2 +/- 25.8% and 4.6 +/- 13.5% in the control group. Both the decentration length and tilt angle were also greater in the RP group than in the control group. Fourteen (29.8%) of the 47 RP eyes had undergone a neodymium:YAG (Nd:YAG) laser anterior capsulotomy at 12 months after surgery, whereas none of the control eyes had undergone an Nd:YAG.
Conclusions: Anterior capsule contraction in the RP eyes was more extensive than in the control eyes, leading to a high Nd:YAG laser anterior capsulotomy rate. Both lens decentration and tilt also were greater in the RP eyes than in the control eyes.