A role for high intensity exercise on energy balance and weight control

Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1998 Jun;22(6):489-93. doi: 10.1038/sj.ijo.0800629.


The objective of this commentary is to remark on the impact, exercise intensity has on energy expenditure and its potential for body weight control. Exercise intensity can favorably impact on energy expenditure in a number of ways. First, exercise-associated energy expenditure is increased by decreasing exercise efficiency and increasing work rate. Second, resistance training that increases muscle mass, in turn increases resting energy expenditure. Third, aerobic exercise > 70% VO2max, increases resting energy expenditure separate from any change in muscle mass. High-intensity exercise training has the added benefit of improving fitness, thus making low-intensity exercise less difficult and more easily tolerated. Although continuous intense exercise is difficult to maintain for extended periods of time, intense interval exercise can be easily endured and may be an important adjunct to lifestyle modifications for body weight control.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Basal Metabolism
  • Energy Metabolism*
  • Exercise*
  • Humans
  • Obesity / prevention & control
  • Oxygen Consumption
  • Physical Fitness
  • Weight Loss*