Objective: To examine the trade-offs among clinical, targeted, and universal interventions aimed at lowering the burden of suffering from child psychiatric disorders.
Method: Data from clinical and research studies were organized to show the advantages and disadvantages of the three strategies.
Results: Important trade-offs exist among these three approaches. The strategy to reduce the burden of suffering from child psychiatric disorder should consist of a number of concurrent steps. First, effective universal programs should be in place. Targeted programs should follow for those not helped sufficiently by the universal programs. Finally, for those unaffected by the targeted programs, clinical services should be available.
Conclusion: An optimal mix of universal, targeted, and clinical programs is needed. The nature of the combination will change as knowledge accumulates, and there will always be trade-offs among these three. Acad.