Vitamin D and bone mineral density

Osteoporos Int. 1998;8(2):110-4. doi: 10.1007/BF02672505.


Bone mineral density (BMD) at the lumbar spine and the neck of femur and serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD), intact parathyroid hormone (PTH), alkaline phosphatase, calcium, albumin, creatinine and phosphate were measured in a group of 166 postmenopausal women (30-79 years) attending a bone clinic for bone density measurements. Four subjects with suspected primary hyperparathyroidism were excluded from analysis. BMD at the lumbar spine was correlated with body mass index (BMI) (r = 0.278, p = 0.0003), age (r = -0.194, p = 0.0134) and serum 25OHD (r = 0.188, p = 0.0167). BMD at the neck of femur correlated with BMI (r = 0.391, p < 0.0001), age (r = -0.356, p < 0.0001), PTH (r = -0.156, p = 0.047) and serum 25OHD (r = 0.231, p = 0.0031). Stepwise multiple regression analysis showed that age, BMI and serum 25OHD contributed to the variation in BMD at lumbar spine. At the neck of femur, PTH was an additional contributor. We conclude that serum 25OHD makes a contribution to BMD a lumbar spine and neck of femur.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Alkaline Phosphatase / blood
  • Body Mass Index
  • Bone Density*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Parathyroid Hormone / blood
  • Regression Analysis
  • Vitamin D / blood*


  • Parathyroid Hormone
  • Vitamin D
  • Alkaline Phosphatase