Direct quantitation of RNA transcripts by competitive single-tube RT-PCR and capillary electrophoresis

Biotechniques. 1998 Jul;25(1):130-7. doi: 10.2144/98251rr01.


Attempts are frequently made to semiquantitate mRNA as a means of circumventing the laborious and time-consuming process of quantitation that is inherent in the use of competitor templates. However, semiquantitative approaches present the risk of generating non-reproducible data due to tube-to-tube variability and/or misinterpretation of quantities of product being generated during the plateau phase of PCR. Subsequently, it is difficult to compare semiquantitative data from separate experiments, and comparisons of levels of mRNA transcript from genes that amplify with different primer pairs cannot be made. Thus, reliable methods for mRNA quantitation continue to rely on the use of internal standardization. In this report, we describe a strategy for dependable quantitation of low-abundance mRNA transcripts based on quantitative competitive reverse transcription PCR (QC-RT-PCR) coupled to capillary electrophoresis (CE) for rapid separation and detection of products. Recommendations are included for the design of RNA competitors that can be paired with target RNA for cDNA synthesis primed with a gene-specific primer; these synthesized cDNAs are then co-amplified directly in the same tube using a single primer pair. We describe (i) a protocol for a single-tube RT-PCR that provides for cDNA synthesis and subsequent PCR amplification of target and competitor in identical reaction environments at each critical enzymatic step, (ii) a unique hot-start provision for optimizing precise and consistent PCR amplifications and (iii) a method for rapid PCR product separation, detection and quantitation by CE and laser-induced fluorescence.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • DNA Primers / genetics
  • DNA, Complementary / genetics
  • Electrophoresis, Capillary
  • Genes / genetics
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / genetics
  • Mice
  • Perforin
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods*
  • Pore Forming Cytotoxic Proteins
  • RNA / genetics*
  • RNA / metabolism*
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Transcription, Genetic / genetics


  • DNA Primers
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Pore Forming Cytotoxic Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Perforin
  • RNA