Genomic organization of six tomato polygalacturonases and 5' upstream sequence identity with tap1 and win2 genes

Mol Gen Genet. 1998 Jun;258(5):479-87. doi: 10.1007/s004380050758.

Abstract

Recently, three polygalacturonase (PG) cDNAs (TAPG1, TAPG2, and TAPG4) were identified in a library prepared from tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum cv. Rutgers) leaf abscission zones. Genomic clones encoding these three cDNAs have been identified. Moreover, the genomic clones include three additional PG genes, TPG3, TAPG5 and TPG6, which have not been previously reported. A transcript for TAPG5 was detected in the RNA from leaf and flower abscission zones; however, transcripts for TPG3 and TPG6 were not. DNA sequence analysis revealed that TAPG1, TAPG2, and TPG3 are linked in a close tandem array. TAPG4, TAPG5 and TPG6 are also closely linked to each other but in divergent and inverted orientations and are not closely linked to TAPG1, TAPG2, or TPG3. TAPG4, TAPG5 and TPG6 map to the middle of chromosome 12. TPG6 contains two introns. The other five PG genes include four exons and three introns. The relative positions of introns 1 and 2 are shared by all six PG genes. The position of intron 3 is conserved in the other five. The structure of the tomato fruit PG gene, which contains 8 introns, is compared with that of the six PG genes described above. Of interest is an approximately 300 bp inverted repeat found in TAPG1, TAPG2 and TAPG4 that shares significant sequence identity with sequence in the first intron of the tomato anionic peroxidase gene, tap1. RNA blot analysis indicates that the transcript for an anionic peroxidase increases during abscission. In addition, a 250 bp sequence found in TPG3 shares high sequence identity with a 5' upstream region in a wound-induced win2 gene from potato. Potential sites of transcriptional regulation in these genes are discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant / physiology
  • Genes, Plant / genetics*
  • Introns / genetics
  • Lycopersicon esculentum / enzymology
  • Lycopersicon esculentum / genetics*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Peroxidases / genetics*
  • Plant Proteins / genetics*
  • Polygalacturonase / genetics*
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / analysis
  • RNA, Plant / analysis
  • Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid / genetics
  • Restriction Mapping
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
  • Transcription, Genetic / genetics

Substances

  • Plant Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • RNA, Plant
  • Win-2 protein, Solanum tuberosum
  • Peroxidases
  • tomato anionic peroxidase 1
  • Polygalacturonase

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AF000999
  • GENBANK/AF001000
  • GENBANK/AF001001
  • GENBANK/AF001002
  • GENBANK/AF001003
  • GENBANK/AF029230