Are dysfunctional attitudes in depressive disorder trait or state dependent?

Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1998 Jun;97(6):419-22. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0447.1998.tb10025.x.


The aim of this study was to investigate whether euthymic patients in remission on lithium prophylaxis score higher on the Dysfunctional Attitude Scale (DAS) than healthy subjects, thus indicating a trait quality of dysfunctional attitudes in unipolar depression. A total of 79 patients with recurrent unipolar depressive episodes and 79 individually matched healthy controls were compared using a Swedish version of the DAS. The results indicate that DAS score is a state-dependent variable in depressive disorder.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological*
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Attitude*
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Depression / physiopathology
  • Depressive Disorder / drug therapy
  • Depressive Disorder / physiopathology
  • Depressive Disorder / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lithium / therapeutic use
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Personality
  • Remission Induction
  • Sweden


  • Lithium