Metabolic responses to dietary supplements of bran

Metabolism. 1976 Oct;25(10):1129-35. doi: 10.1016/0026-0495(76)90020-2.


During a metabolic ward study, the addition of dietary fiber in the form of wheat bran biscuits to the diet of five volunteer subjects resulted in an increase in the stool wet weight and fecal solids. The excretion of fecal solids was highly correlated with the intake of unavailable carbohydrates, and fecal losses of water were similarly correlated with fecal excretion of these constituents. The major component of the increase in fecal solids was due to the noncellulosic polysaccharide fraction of dietary fiber. There was an increased fecal excretion of nitrogen fat and energy by most subjects when the supplement was eaten. However, the increased loss of energy in the feces was only 40-80 kcal/day, and therefore a large supplemental intake of dietary fiber had only minor effects on energy metabolism. Supplemental fiber is thus unlikely to induce a useful loss of calories in the management of obesity. The addition of dietary fiber caused an increased excretion of most inorganic constituents, particularly sodium and phosphorus; increased excretion of iron and magnesium was also found in two subjects.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Calorimetry
  • Dietary Fats
  • Feces / analysis
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nitrogen
  • Triticum*


  • Dietary Fats
  • Nitrogen