Eye dominance in children: a longitudinal study

Behav Genet. 1998 May;28(3):187-95. doi: 10.1023/a:1021471129962.


In a sample of 807 normal preschool children aged from 3 to 6, examined eye dominance was not associated with the declared eye dominance of their parents. Forty percent of the children showed left-eyedness. Eyedness was associated with handedness and not significantly related to age group or sex. A strong relationship between the answers of the two parents concerning eye preference was observed. Two hundred forty-four children were followed-up for 2 years. The examinations were carried out once every 6 months. Two thirds of the children showed perfect stability in eye dominance. There was some evidence that stability in eye use tends to increase with age and to be lower in left-handed children with left-handed parents. There is, at present, very little evidence of a positive association between eye dominance in parents and that in their children.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Analysis of Variance
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Child
  • Child Development
  • Child, Preschool
  • Confidence Intervals
  • Female
  • France / epidemiology
  • Functional Laterality* / genetics
  • Hand
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Ocular Physiological Phenomena*
  • Odds Ratio
  • Parents*
  • Prevalence
  • Time Factors