Coronary artery bypass operations are associated with increased morbidity and mortality in the elderly. Similarly, it has been shown that coronary angioplasty is associated with a higher risk of complications in the elderly than in younger patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the 1-month outcome of elderly patients (>75 years old) who were included in the Stenting without Coumadin French Registry. From December 1992 to March 1995, 2,900 patients (mean age 61+/-11 years) were included in this registry. All patients were treated with ticlopidine (250 to 500 mg/day) for 1 month from the day of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty, aspirin (100 to 250 mg/day) for >6 months, and low-molecular-weight heparin (antiXa 0.5 to 1 IU/ml) for 1 month in phase II, 15 days in phase III, and 7 days in phase IV. No heparin was given in phase V. The study group included 233 patients (8.0%) > 75 years old (mean age 79+/-4), 44 (18%) of whom were women. All patients underwent dilatation of a native coronary vessel. One hundred seventeen had unstable angina (50.2%), 20 had postmyocardial infarction ischemia (8.6%), and 6 had acute myocardial infarction (2.6%). Indications for stenting were de novo lesion in 63 patients (27.0%), restenosis in 38 (16.3%), suboptimal result in 48 (20.6%), nonocclusive dissection in 56 (24.0%), and occlusive dissection in 28 (12.0%), respectively. Stented coronary arteries were the left anterior descending in 109 (46.8%), the right in 80 (34.3%), the left circumflex in 40 (17.2%), and the left main in 4 (1.7%). Palmaz-Schatz stents were used in 228 patients (82.0%), AVE microstents in 38 (13.7%), and other stents in 12 (4.3%). More than 1 stent was used in 48 patients (17.3%). The mean diameter of the balloon used for stenting was 3.31+/-0.38 mm and maximal inflation pressure was 12.2+/-2.9 atm. At one-month follow-up, vascular complications occurred in 5 patients, requiring surgery in 2 (1.3%), acute closure occurred in 1 (0.4%), subacute closure in 3 (1.3%), emergency or planned coronary artery bypass graft surgery in none, acute myocardial infarction in 4 (1.7%), stroke in 1 (0.4%), and death in 8 (3.4%). The composite end point of a major cardiac event was observed in 13 cases (5.6%). Coronary stenting using ticlopidine and aspirin appears to be a particularly safe approach in this high-risk subset.