Nuclear neighbours: the spatial and functional organization of genes and nuclear domains

J Cell Biochem. 1998 Aug 1;70(2):159-71. doi: 10.1002/(sici)1097-4644(19980801)70:2<159::aid-jcb2>3.0.co;2-n.

Abstract

It is becoming clear that the cell nucleus is not only organized in domains but that these domains are also organized relative to each other and to the genome. Specific nuclear domains, enriched in different proteins and RNAs, are often found next to each other and next to specific gene loci. Several lines of investigation suggest that nuclear domains are involved in facilitating or regulating gene expression. The emerging view is that the spatial relationship between different domains and genes on different chromosomes, as found in the nucleolus, is a common organizational principle in the nucleus, to allow an efficient and controlled synthesis and processing of a range of gene transcripts.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Nucleolus / genetics
  • Cell Nucleolus / physiology
  • Cell Nucleus / genetics
  • Cell Nucleus / physiology*
  • Cell Nucleus / ultrastructure
  • Chromosomes
  • DNA / metabolism
  • Gene Expression
  • Genome*
  • Humans
  • RNA, Nuclear / metabolism
  • Transcription, Genetic

Substances

  • RNA, Nuclear
  • DNA