Three-dimensional structure of the Stat3beta homodimer bound to DNA

Nature. 1998 Jul 9;394(6689):145-51. doi: 10.1038/28101.


STAT proteins are a family of eukaryotic transcription factors that mediate the response to a large number of cytokines and growth factors. Upon activation by cell-surface receptors or their associated kinases, STAT proteins dimerize, translocate to the nucleus and bind to specific promoter sequences on their target genes. Here we report the first crystal structure of a STAT protein bound to its DNA recognition site at 2.25 A resolution. The structure provides insight into the various steps by which STAT proteins deliver a response signal directly from the cell membrane to their target genes in the nucleus.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Binding Sites
  • Crystallography, X-Ray
  • DNA / chemistry
  • DNA / metabolism
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / chemistry*
  • Dimerization
  • Models, Molecular
  • Phosphotyrosine / metabolism
  • Protein Conformation
  • STAT3 Transcription Factor
  • Trans-Activators / chemistry*


  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • STAT3 Transcription Factor
  • Trans-Activators
  • Phosphotyrosine
  • DNA

Associated data

  • PDB/1BG1