Tyrosine kinase inhibitors, emodin and its derivative repress HER-2/neu-induced cellular transformation and metastasis-associated properties

Oncogene. 1998 Jun 4;16(22):2855-63. doi: 10.1038/sj.onc.1201813.


We have previously shown that emodin suppresses tyrosine kinase activity of HER-2/neu-encoded p185neu receptor tyrosine kinase. In this study, we examine the relationship between the chemical structure and the activity of emodin and nine derivatives, and identified that one methyl, one hydroxy, and one carbonyl functional groups are critical for the biological activities of emodin. We also found that one of the derivatives 10-(4-acetamidobenzylidene)-9-anthrone (DK-V-47) is more effective than emodin in repressing the tyrosine phosphorylation of p185neu and in inhibiting the proliferation and transformation of HER-2/neu-overexpressing human breast cancer cells. Using mutation-activated HER-2/neu transformed 3T3 cells, we also investigated whether emodin and DK-V-47 can inhibit malignant transformation induced solely by the HER-2/neu oncogene. We found that DK-V-47 is more potent than emodin in suppressing transformation phenotypes of activated HER-2/neu transformed 3T3 cells including anchorage-dependent and -independent growth, metastasis-associated properties. These results clearly indicate that the inhibition of p185neu tyrosine kinase by both emodin and DK-V-47 is capable of suppressing the HER-2/neu associated transformed phenotypes including the ability to induce metastatic potential. Our results also support the chemotherapeutic implications of the use of either emodin or DK-V-47 to target HER-2/neu-overexpressing cancer cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • 3T3 Cells
  • Animals
  • Breast Neoplasms
  • Cell Division / drug effects
  • Cell Transformation, Neoplastic* / drug effects
  • Emodin / analogs & derivatives*
  • Emodin / chemistry
  • Emodin / pharmacology*
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Female
  • G1 Phase
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Molecular Structure
  • Neoplasm Metastasis / prevention & control
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Receptor, ErbB-2 / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Receptor, ErbB-2 / metabolism
  • Resting Phase, Cell Cycle
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • 10-(4-acetimdobenzylidene)-9-anthrone
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • Receptor, ErbB-2
  • Emodin