Photocleavable aminotag phosphoramidites for 5'-termini DNA/RNA labeling

Nucleic Acids Res. 1998 Aug 1;26(15):3572-6. doi: 10.1093/nar/26.15.3572.


We report the design and evaluation of two non-nucleosidic photocleavable aminotag phosphor-amidites. These reagents introduce a photocleavable amino group on the 5'-terminal phosphate of synthetic oligonucleotides. The 5' photocleavable amino group enables introduction of a variety of amine-reactive markers onto synthetic oligonucleotides as well as immobilization on activated solid supports. The photocleavable bond on the 5'-phosphate can then be selectively cleaved by near-UV illumination, thereby enabling release of the marker or detachment of the oligonucleotide from a solid support. The preparation of photocleavable conjugates with biotin, digoxigenin and tetramethylrhodamine are described. In the case of biotin, a conjugate was used in a high sensitivity hybridization assay as a photocleavable probe for a complementary sequence immobilized on beads. It is also demonstrated that the 5'-PC-amino group can be used as an affinity tag for photocleavage-mediated affinity purification and phosphorylation of synthetic oligonucleotides in conjunction with activated supports. Such 5'-PC-amino labeled oligonucleotides should be useful in a variety of applications in molecular biology including multiple non-radioactive probing of DNA/RNA blots, affinity isolation and purification of nucleic acids binding proteins, diagnostic assays requiring release of the probe-target complex or specific marker, cassette mutagenesis and PCR. They will also enable the spatially-addressable photorelease of the probe-target complexes or marker molecules for diagnostic purposes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amides*
  • Chromatography, Affinity
  • DNA
  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • Molecular Structure
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization
  • Oligonucleotides / chemical synthesis*
  • Phosphoric Acids*
  • RNA


  • Amides
  • Oligonucleotides
  • Phosphoric Acids
  • RNA
  • DNA
  • phosphoramidic acid