Objective: The aim of this study was to determine if omeprazole improves pulmonary function and quality of life in asthmatics with gastroesophageal reflux.
Methods: This was a double blind, randomized, placebo-controlled cross-over trial. After a 4-wk lead-in period, nine patients with documented asthma and gastroesophageal reflux, were prescribed either omeprazole 20 mg, daily or placebo for 8 wk and then crossed over to the alternate treatment. Outcome measurements included: forced expiratory volume at 1 s (FEV1), peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR), and responses on the Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire, a validated disease specific measure of functional status.
Results: After omeprazole treatment, compared with placebo, patients had higher mean morning and evening PEFR, mean absolute difference (95% CI): morning: 37.8 L/min. (10.9-64.6), evening: 31.2 (3.2-59.2). Omeprazole treatment led to higher mean overall scores on the Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire, and on the subdomains of activity limitation, symptoms, and emotions (p = 0.039, 0.049, 0.024, 0.040). A trend toward higher FEV1 (mean: 15.6% difference) with omeprazole failed to reach statistical significance (p > 0.2).
Conclusions: After taking omeprazole for 8 wk, asthmatics with GER have better PEFR and quality of life than after placebo.