Dopamine release in the amygdaloid complex of the rat, studied by brain microdialysis

Neurosci Lett. 1998 Jun 12;249(1):49-52. doi: 10.1016/s0304-3940(98)00390-5.


The dopaminergic projection from the ventral tegmental area to the amygdaloid complex may be modulatory on the processes of associative learning in the latter region. We measured dopamine in four different amygdaloid subfields in the rat, using brain microdialysis. Extracellular levels of dopamine in two sites in the lateral nucleus were not consistently measurable, even after treatment with amphetamine. However, basal dopamine levels were measurable in more medial locations (basolateral and central nuclei), with higher concentrations in the caudal than in the rostral probe placement, and were increased around 3-fold by systemic amphetamine. Similarly, dopamine levels in caudal-medial amygdala were increased by local potassium stimulation and by mild footshock in a calcium-dependent manner, indicating a neurotransmitter origin.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amphetamine / pharmacology
  • Amygdala / anatomy & histology
  • Amygdala / drug effects
  • Amygdala / metabolism*
  • Amygdala / physiology
  • Animals
  • Calcium / metabolism
  • Dopamine / metabolism*
  • Dopamine Agents / pharmacology
  • Electroshock
  • Extracellular Space / drug effects
  • Extracellular Space / metabolism
  • Extremities
  • Male
  • Microdialysis
  • Potassium / pharmacology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley


  • Dopamine Agents
  • Amphetamine
  • Potassium
  • Calcium
  • Dopamine