Surgical management of pulmonary tuberculosis

Rays. 1998 Jan-Mar;23(1):193-202.
[Article in English, Italian]


Surgery for pulmonary tubercolosis (PTB) is now the second place treatment. Among the surgical indications the most debated is the multi-drug resistance of a focal pulmonary tuberculous disease. Other indications are: bronchiectasis, hemoptysis and the presence of a broncho-pleural fistula. Pulmonary Aspergilloma is a frequent indication for surgery; it is commonly a PTB sequela and causes severe complications. The presence of an unknown pulmonary mass or nodule is a surgical criterion because it might signal a cancer. Surgery therefore now constitutes a valid option for the treatment of clinical patterns of PTB unresponsive to medical treatment in severe, potentially fatal clinical conditions.

Publication types

  • Historical Article
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aspergillosis / complications
  • History, 18th Century
  • History, 19th Century
  • History, 20th Century
  • Humans
  • Lung Diseases, Fungal / complications
  • Lung Neoplasms / complications
  • Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant / surgery
  • Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / complications
  • Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / history
  • Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / surgery*