A clinical study of space closure with nickel-titanium closed coil springs and an elastic module

Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 1998 Jul;114(1):73-9. doi: 10.1016/s0889-5406(98)70241-0.


A previous study has shown that a 150-gram nickel-titanium closed coil spring (Sentalloy, GAC International Inc.) closed spaces more quickly and more consistently than an elastic module (Alastik, Unitec/3M). This study used the same friction sensitive sliding mechanics of pitting the six anterior teeth against the second bicuspid and first molars, to examine the rate of space closure of 100-gram and 200-gram nickel-titanium closed coil springs. The results for the three springs and elastic module were compared. The nickel-titanium closed coil springs produced a more consistent space closure than the elastic module. The 150- and 200-gram springs produced a faster rate of space closure than the elastic module or the 100-gram spring. No significant difference was noted between the rates of closure for the 150- and the 200-gram springs.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Dental Stress Analysis*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Nickel
  • Orthodontic Appliance Design
  • Orthodontic Appliances*
  • Orthodontic Space Closure / methods*
  • Orthodontic Wires
  • Regression Analysis
  • Titanium


  • titanium nickelide
  • Nickel
  • Titanium