Duplication 8p usually results in a syndrome characterized by profound mental retardation, mild facial anomalies, and malformations of hand, heart, and brain. We report on a large kindred segregating a Y;8 translocation in whom several individuals have duplication 8p22-->8pter. These individuals have normal adaptive function despite their unbalanced karyotype. The family was studied with G-banding and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) using probes to chromosomes 8 and Y. Comparison of this family with other reported cases defines a mild clinical outcome for trisomy 8p22-->8pter in contrast to the severe findings when the duplication involves a longer, more proximal segment.