Financial interest and its disclosure in scientific publications

JAMA. 1998 Jul 15;280(3):225-6. doi: 10.1001/jama.280.3.225.


Journal policies and requirements of funding agencies on financial disclosure of authors and grant applicants have divided editors and scientists who disagree on whether such policies can improve the integrity of science or manage conflicts of interest. Those opposed to such disclosure policies argue that financial interest is one of many interests held by scientists, is the least scientifically dangerous, and should not be singled out. Those who favor open reporting of financial interests argue that full disclosure removes the suspicion that something of relevance to objectivity is being hidden and allows readers to form their own opinions on whether a conflict of interest exists and what relevance that has to the study. The authors believe that the scientific community and the public will be best served by open publication of financial disclosures for readers and reviewers to evaluate.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Authorship*
  • Biomedical Research*
  • Conflict of Interest*
  • Disclosure*
  • Editorial Policies*
  • Financial Support*
  • Publishing / standards*