Preparation and characterization of ampicillin loaded methylpyrrolidinone chitosan and chitosan microspheres

Biomaterials. 1998 Jan-Feb;19(1-3):157-61. doi: 10.1016/s0142-9612(97)00181-6.


Ampicillin was embedded in microparticles made of a new derivative of chitosan: methylpyrrolidinone chitosan. They were prepared using different drug-to-polymer weight ratios and by a spray-drying technique. Spray-dried drug-loaded chitosan microspheres were prepared for comparison. The microparticles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), particle size analysis, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and in vitro drug release. Microbiological assay was performed using different bacterial strains. Spray-dried microspheres of almost spherical shape, smooth surface and narrow size distribution were always obtained. Ampicillin loaded into both polymer matrices showed amorphous behaviour as determined by DSC. Drug-loaded microspheres resulted to control the drug release in a 30-120 min range, depending on chitosan type. Thermal denaturation of the microspheres does not modify drug release rate. The results of the microbiological assay show that the loading of ampicillin into chitosans is able to maintain or improve the anti-bacterial activity of the drug.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Ampicillin / administration & dosage*
  • Ampicillin / chemistry*
  • Ampicillin / pharmacokinetics
  • Biocompatible Materials / administration & dosage*
  • Biocompatible Materials / chemistry*
  • Calorimetry, Differential Scanning
  • Chemistry, Pharmaceutical / methods
  • Chitin / administration & dosage
  • Chitin / analogs & derivatives*
  • Chitin / chemistry
  • Chitosan
  • Escherichia coli / drug effects
  • Hot Temperature
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Microspheres
  • Particle Size
  • Penicillins / administration & dosage*
  • Penicillins / chemistry*
  • Penicillins / pharmacokinetics
  • Pyrrolidinones / administration & dosage*
  • Pyrrolidinones / chemistry*
  • Staphylococcus aureus / drug effects


  • Biocompatible Materials
  • Penicillins
  • Pyrrolidinones
  • methylpyrrolidinone chitosan
  • Chitin
  • Ampicillin
  • Chitosan